Canadian Permanent Residency

Permanent residents are immigrants who have been granted permanent residency status in Canada but are not citizens. They are citizens of other countries. A student or foreign worker who is temporarily in Canada is not a permanent resident.
Refugees who are resettled from overseas become permanent residents either through the Government-Assisted Refugee Program or the Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program. When a refugee claims asylum in Canada, they do not become permanent residents. The Immigration and Refugee Board must first approve their claim before they can become one. Then they must apply for and obtain permanent resident status.

What permanent residents can do

As a permanent resident, you have the right to:

Most social benefits that Canadian citizens receive, including health care coverage

Live, work or study anywhere in Canada,

Apply for citizenship

And obtain protection under Canadian law and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

It is your responsibility to pay taxes and obey all federal, provincial, and municipal laws.

What permanent residents can’t do

You are not allowed to:

Vote or run for political office,

Or hold some jobs that require a high-level security clearance